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  • Writer's pictureErika Conchis

Article: Institutionalisation of urban climate adaptation

This article explores the dynamics & tools that enable the institutionalisation of adaptation practices in local governments with three Spanish case studies in Madrid, Barcelona and Bilbao.

Figure 1

'The adaptation spiral is a conceptual model for evaluating long-term adaptation action. Adaptation recognition, groundwork and action-related activities alongside an amplifying spiral where combinations of tools interact to enable the institutionalisation of climate change adaptation in the context of a learning process through time.'

Figure 2

'The Zorrotzaurre urban regeneration project is still unfinished. The Deusto Canal was an artificial channel whose use had become obsolete after opening the outer Port of Bilbao in 2006. The opening of the Deusto Canal (red) has converted Zorrotzaurre into an island and has reduced the flooding risk in various neighbouring areas

Source: Zorrotzaurre Management Commission ('

Figure 3

'Illustrative example of Madrid + Natural programme. Solution #3 on Resilient urban development.

Source: Madrid + Natural portfolio of adaptation proposals (2016) ('

Read the full article on Buildings & Cities

Article: Institutionalisation of urban climate adaptation: three municipal experiences in Spain

Authors: Marta Olazabal, Vanesa Castán Broto

Published online: 09/07/2022

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